Is it Time to Update Bloom's Taxonomy
Proposed in 1956, Bloom’s Taxonomy, a collection of learning objectives developed by a group led by educational psychologist, Benjamin Bloom, has become one of the most quoted books used by American educators and is one of the primary road maps for a holistic educational approach. This taxonomy is a classification of levels of intellectual behavior and objectives necessary to the learning process. It is used for development of educational programs and creates a common means of communication for educators.
1990s Bloom’s Taxonomy Modifications were made by a new group of cognitive psychologists. Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom’s, headed the project. In this revision one of the most significant changes was a conversion of the original nouns at each level to verbs. The following list enumerates these differences:
- Knowledge -> Remembering
- Comprehension -> Understanding
- Application -> Applying
- Analysis -> Analyzing
- Synthesis -> Synthesizing
- Evaluation -> Creating
How today’s technological processes can be integrated with bloom’s taxonomy
Edtechvision.org proposes updating Bloom’s Taxonomy so that it is more relevant to contemporary educational environments. A summary of their proposed mapping of Bloom’s 1990 version is listed below.
- Includes using digital techniques to highlight, bookmark and Google key data.
- Advanced Searching and Boolean Searching – At this level students employ more sophisticated techniques to create and refine searches.
- Categorizing – The digital aspect can include organizing and classifying files and web sites.
- Commenting and annotating – Adding notes to documents is analogous to handwritten notes but indexing and linking opportunities can enhance understanding.
- Sharing – uploading and sharing of materials is a simple form of collaboration.
- Linking – This is establishing and building links within and outside of documents and web pages. Linking can help understand interrelationships and process flows.
- Reverse-engineering – aids in understanding how physical and abstract construction can be accomplished.
- Validating – The analysis can help students to evaluate the quality of information sources.
- Blog commenting and reflecting – Students commenting and replying to postings evaluate the material.
- Posting – Students post well thought out and structured comments to blogs and discussions.
- Moderating – Moderators evaluate postings assessing value and suitability.
- Collaborating and networking – Effective collaboration involves evaluating the participants’ abilities and contributions. Networking is a form of communication that takes place.
- Programming, Filming, Digital Image Development and Writing are all potential components within the process of creating.
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a valuable tool for education because it provides a framework for educators and cognitive psychologists to communicate about fundamental educational concepts. However, for it to be effective over a significant time period, it must be re-evaluated and updated to reflect contemporary factors. The technology of our time is extremely significant to the education process. Bloom’s Taxonomy was designed to be reinterpreted for best use. A first example was Bloom’s updated taxonomy. Today it should be updated again.Learn More: Click to view related resources.
- Mary Forehand, "Bloom's Taxonomy," The University of Georgia
- Richard C. Overbaugh, Lynn Schultz, "Bloom's Taxonomy," Old Dominion University
- Colette Cassinelli, "Updated Bloom’s Taxonomy," edtech VISION