For educators, designing an effective physical education curriculum for elementary school can be both fun and frustrating. Young students are typically motivated to run and play, but creating a curriculum that meets necessary school and state requirements can sometimes be difficult.
Below are four ideas for developing an elementary school physical education curriculum. They are a good starting point for those who are interested in designing a program that will provide a solid physical education.
Develop goals and structure
Most states likely have a specific set of physical education goals that must be accomplished by a curriculum, but even if this is not the case, it is possible to determine what goals are appropriate for a particular grade level. Both national and state standards can be found at the website for the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE).
For elementary school students, the physical education goals may be quite simple. Learning motor skills, for instance, will make up a part of an elementary curriculum. These skills include:
Designing a curriculum to teach these skills effectively requires breaking down a program to its basics. As an example, the four categories required by the Michigan Department of Education are:
- Motor skills
- Physical fitness
- Cognitive concepts
- Personal and social character traits
Any curriculum must take into account areas such as these to be considered complete.
Keep activity levels high
According to The Journal of Pediatrics, children need at least an hour of physical activity every day. While a 45 or 60 minute elementary school physical education class might come close to meeting those time requirements, often the activity levels of such classes are not adequate.
A curriculum can be designed to keep motivations high. Some students who are not interested in one sport may be quite excited about another. Designing a program that takes variations in interest into account will allow teachers to increase overall class motivation.
Address state and national standards
Whatever standards a curriculum designer is faced with, those standards must be accommodated. This is why it is important to keep such standards at the forefront of any curriculum. If state and national standards are addressed at the beginning of the design process, they can be incorporated fairly easy into any curriculum.
Those creating a curriculum must determine how to best meet those standards while taking into account their particular school and student body. Some standards may be easier to meet than others, but it is best to face all such benchmarks at the beginning of the design process.
Design with assessment in mind
There must be a measurable way to determine if students are grasping the concepts the curriculum is attempting to teach. By considering assessments in the initial creation process, the curriculum can be designed to both teach and measure progress.
Physical education goes beyond just physical fitness, and instructors must have a way to measure more than just the number of push-ups a student can perform. With effective tools to measure students’ grasp of higher level physical education concepts, a well-designed curriculum will cover all aspects of teaching physical education.
Designing any curriculum is a process of trial and error. Using the above ideas, physical education teachers can begin to develop an effective elementary school physical education curriculum. However, it will likely require revisions over time to be most effective.Learn More: Click to view related resources.
- "National PE Standards," Shape America
- "Tips and Tools to Promote Physical Education and Physical Activity," Michigan Department of Education